Sultanpur has a semi-arid climate. It features very hot summer and equally cold winter season. In summer, the temperature rises above 44°C. Majority of the people depend on agriculture. Paddy, wheat, gram, barley, sugarcane and potatoes are the major crops. Jagdishpur is famous for large and medium scale industries of different varieties. Small and medium scale industries include rice mills, carpet manufacturing, and oil mills. Cottage and handloom industries are also located throughout Sultanpur.