India, the largest democracy of the world, is also the second most
populous nation and seventh largest country of the world. As a cradle
of civilization, India’s history dates back 5,000 years; she’s credited
of being the birthplace of the oldest language, the oldest written book
and the oldest living religion of the world.
In area, India is slightly more than one-third the size of the US.
India measures 3,214 kilometres from north to south and 2,933
kilometres from east to west with a total land area of 3,286,263 square
kilometres. The land frontier spans 15,200 kilometres and the coastline
is 7,516.5 kilometres long. Geographically, India is situated 20 00 N,
77 00 E in South Asia.
Bound by the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Arabian Sea in the west,
and the Indian Ocean in the south, India has seven mountain ranges,
more than 25 rivers, three watersheds, two deserts, around 590,000
square kilometre of irrigated land, six main ethnic groups, eight major
religions, 22 main languages, 28 states, six union territories, besides
the national capital territory of Delhi.
The geographical vastness only adds uniqueness to the wonder that is
India – the land of the Taj Mahal. Where else will you find a desert
wild ass that runs faster than horse; world’s oldest prehistoric
paintings in a cave cluster; world’s largest river island; a stepwell
that looks like an inverted temple; world’s longest corridor, biggest
bas-relief, oldest rock fort and oldest dam.
Perhaps India’s greatest
asset is her people who are responsible for safeguarding her traditions
and developing her into one of most advanced nations of South Asia.