Kushinagar District was a part of Deoria District
and came into existence as a new district in 1994. At present it has an area of 2,832 sq km and is bordered by Mahrajganj District in the west, Gorakhpur District
in the south-west, Deoria District in the south, and Bihar
in the east. The population is about 3 million. Its headquarters is at
, 71 km from Gorakhpur
and 336 km from Lucknow
Kushinagar is famous all over the world for its cultural heritage. It is associated with Lord Buddha and Lord Mahavir, the founders of Buddhism and Jainism respectively. This is the place where the Buddha attained salvation (
nirvana) and was cremated at Ramabhar. It is believed that the present Kushinagar was known as Kushawati in pre-Buddha period and Kushinara in Buddha period.
There are many temples namely
Mahaparinirvana temple, Matha Kuar shrine, Wat Thai temple, Indo-Japan-Srilanka temple, and Sun temple.