Sant Kabir Nagar District lies on the eastern belt of
. It got its present name after Sant Kabir, the well known saint and philosopher who lived at Maghar. It is surrounded by Gorakhpur District
in the east, Basti District
in the west, Siddharthnagar District
in the north, and Ambedkarnagar District
in the south. With an area of 1,600 sq km, Sant Kabir Nagar comprises 3 tehsils and 7 development blocks. The headquarters is at Khalilabad
town. The Ghaghra and Rapti are the major rivers.
Majority of the people depend on agriculture. Sugar-cane, maize, paddy, pulses, wheat, barley, gram, peas, lahi, and potato are the major crops. There are about 1,100 small scale industries and 618 village and cottage industries. Paper mills, oil mills, and sugar mills are also located here.
The temperature varies from a maximum of 44oC in summer to a minimum of 9oC in winter season. Sant Kabir Nagar receives an average annual rainfall of 1,166 mm.
Bakhira, Hainsar, Maghar, and Tama are some of the important places.