Arunachal Pradesh, the land of dawn-lit mountains, lies on the north-eastern tip of India. The state is bounded by Myanmar in the east, Bhutan in the west, China in the north and Assam in the south. More than 60 percent of Arunachal Pradesh is covered with evergreen forests with numerous turbulent streams, roaring rivers, deep gorges, lofty mountains, snow-clad shining peaks and thousands of species of flora and fauna.
Arunachal Pradesh is the largest state in the north-eastern region.
Itanagar is the capital. The population is about 1.1 million. The main languages spoken are Hindi, Assamese and English. Hinduism, Buddhism and Christianity are the major religions. Arunachal Pradesh is governed by a chief minister responsible to a unicameral legislature.
The climate varies from hot and humid to heavy rainfall. Dolomite, graphite, coal, quartzite, yellow ochre, marble and limestone are the main minerals.
Siang, Kameng, Subansiri, Kamla, Siyum, Dibang, Lohit, Noa Dihing, Kamlang and Tirap are the main rivers. Important festivals are Mopin, Solung,
Nyokum, Si-Donyi, Boori-boot, Dree, Reh, Chalo-loku and Kshyatsowai.