According to Hindu religious belief, Hardoi District is associated with the demon king Hiranyakashyap who was killed by Narasimha, an incarnation of Lord
Vishnu. It is believed that the present name Hardoi is a vague form of its old name Haridrohi (enemy of god), which was in existence during ancient times.
People depend mainly on agriculture as their main occupation. About 70% of the total land is used for agricultural purposes. Paddy, sugarcane, wheat, vegetable, pulses and oilseeds are the main crops. Hardoi produces guava, different varieties of mangoes and lemons.