Sultanate of Delhi refers to the various dynasties that ruled India from AD 1210 to AD 1526. It was founded after
defeated Prithviraj Chauhan
in the Battle of Tarrain
and captured Delhi in AD 1192.
In AD 1206,
Qutub-ud-Din Aibak, one of the generals of Muhammad Ghori, proclaimed himself as the Sultan of Delhi, and this led to the establishment of the Slave Dynasty. Iltutmish and Ghiyas-ud-din Balban were the famous rulers of this dynasty. The rule of the dynasty ended in 1290.
Soon, the Khilji Dynasty (1290- 1320) took over Delhi. Delhi Sultanate was at its zenith during their reign and Alauddin Khilji was the greatest ruler of the dynasty. Next on line was the Tughlaq Dynasty (1320-1413) and they presented a poor face under the rule of
Muhammad bin Tughlaq. Soon rebellion broke out in the South and Central India and the dynasty lost control over the territory.
With the attack of Delhi by
Timur in AD 1398, the Sultanate lost its glory. Saiyid Dynasty (1414-51) and Lodhi Dynasty (1451-1526) tried to revive the old glory of Delhi Sultanate but were unsuccessful. The end of Sultanate of Delhi came in 1526 with the arrival of Babur.