Alauddin Khilji declared himself as the Sultan of
after the assassination of his uncle, Jalal-ud-din Khilji
, in 1296. He removed the supporters of the former sultan to retain his throne. A highly centralized system of government was observed during his rule.
Alauddin’s reign is marked as the golden period of Khilji rule. Administrative and revenue reforms and market control regulations were set up during this period. One of his remarkable contributions was the introduction of land reforms.
Alauddin succeeded in bringing almost all the prominent parts of the country under his control. He pioneered the permanent standing army in India, and he himself was the commander-in-chief of the army.
Alauddin defeated Mongols during his reign, and devised several policies to strengthen the defense force. He passed away in 1316.