Mathara Dynasty was the dominant power over the southeastern parts of India in the later half of the 4th century. The capital of the Mathara kingdom was known by the name ‘Simhapura’ - the current Srikakulam in Srikakulam District of Andhra Pradesh. This dynasty was established by King Visakhavarman.
Other great rulers to succeed King Visakhavarman were Umavaraman and Saktivarman. King Saktivarman is considered the greatest ruler of the Mathara dynasty. During his reign the Mathara kingdom extended from the Mahanadi River in the north to the Krishna River in the south. The rule of the dynasty ended during the reign of King Ananta Saktivarman.
The reign of the Mathara dynasty is considered important in the history of Orissa. It was during this period that Vaishnavism gained popularity in the state.