The district of Malappuram is bounded by the Nilgiri Hills in the east and the Arabian Sea in the west. The Portuguese, the British, and the sultans of
Mysore had their sway over this place in the past.
Malappuram, covering an area of 3,550 sq km, has a population of over 3.6 million. The total forest area is over 100,000 hectare. The Chaliyar (Beypore River), Kadalundipuzha,
Bharathapuzha and Tirurpuzha are the important rivers. Elephants, deer, tigers, blue monkeys, and boars are found in the forests. Agriculture is the mainstay of the people and the main crops cultivated are paddy, coconut,
tapioca, arecanut, cashew nut, banana, rubber, pulses, ginger, and pepper. Malappuram has 70 km of sea coast.
Malappuram is famous for Oppanapattu (Muslim folksong) which is the main art form of the Muslim ladies. 'Kolkali' and 'duff muttu' are also popular Mappila (Muslim) arts. Other religious art forms such as Thira, Bhoothamkettu, Thiruvathirakkali, and Margom Kali are also performed during festive public gatherings. Kalaripayattu (an indigenous martial art) has got deep roots in Malappuram. There is great scope for pilgrimage tourism. Kondotty Nercha, a seven-day festival, is observed in the month of March. Thirumandhamkunnu Pooram offers colorful festivity days during March-April. Kottakkal, the seat of Ayurvedic treatment, is also famous for its temple festival.