Born on 9 September, 1569 at Fatehpur Sikri, Jahangir was the eldest son of Akbar. He was also known as Muhammad Salim, and he studied Persian, Arabic, and Hindi, history, arithmetic, geography and other sciences. After the death of his father, Jahangir became the king at the age of 36.
With several popular activities, he started his reign and promised to protect Islam and granted general amnesty to his opponents. He was a good writer and recorded all sorts of wildlife in his book Tuzk-i-Jehangiri. In May 1611, he married the extremely beautiful and intelligent Noor Jahan(Mehr-un-Nisa). After marriage, Noor Jahan became the real ruler of the empire until the death of her husband.
Jahangir's love of flowers and animals is reflected in the numerous miniatures of the period, painted by artists who shared their master's keen eye for the beauties of wild nature.
Jahangir was extremely intelligent, but was generally indifferent to the larger interests of the empire. He was not interested in warfare and was bored by the work of day-to-day administration. Jahangir was self-indulgent and sensual and had a weak personality. However, he had a streak of cruelty in him. At the age of seventeen when his son Khusrau led a military campaign against him, Jahangir captured him and rendered him blind.
Jahangir died in 1627 and was buried in Shahdra, near Lahore.