India | Punjab

Ghada




Ghada is a popular folk instrument of Punjab. Also known as Gaggar, it is actually a spherical earthen (occasionally silver, brass, copper or aluminum) pitcher about 1 ft high and a maximum circumference of 2 ft. The mouth is 9-12 cm wide, with varying thickness for producing the appropriate notes. The earthen Ghada features paintings while the metallic one contains designs engraved on its surface.

A Ghada is played by striking on it sides. The player wears rings on his fingers, while striking, to produce sharp notes. Occasionally the mouth is closed or opened with one hand to vary the sound. While playing this instrument, it is placed either on the lap or in front of the player.

Apart from the current use as a folk instrument, Ghada was used in the olden days by the hunters. The music produced by it was said to attract the deer. It is common belief among the people of Punjab that Sohni and Mahiwal, the legendary lovers, used to sing to the beats of the Ghada.



Updated on 7th June, 2005

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