Chittoor lies in the Poini river valley. The states of
form its boundaries. Chittoor, a district administrative center, remained a British military post until 1884. Situated 154 km from
town is the capital of Chittoor District and is a major railway station on the Renigunta - Katpadi line of the
. The is one of the most ancient shrines in India.
Horsely Hills, a charming little hill station; Madanapalle, a famous health resort; Sri kalahasti, a religious centre sacred to
Lord Shiva; Kailasnath Konda, a perpetual waterfall in Nagari valley; Chandragiri, the last capital of the Vijayanagar Empire; Thalakona and Nagari are important tourist spots. Puttur is famous for its bone setters, who are skilled at setting right any kind of fracture with the aid of local herbs and plaster. Places of historical interest include Gurram Konda which is in the western part of Chittoor district, and Rangini Mahal which is a Sultanese Palace.
Chittoor covers an area of 15,151 sq km. The agricultural produce includes grain, sugarcane, and peanuts and the industries include oilseed and rice milling. The city is surrounded by mango and tamarind groves, and cattle are bred in the area.
Tirupati Airport lies in Chittoor district.