Annie Besant, a British social reformer, played a key role in India's struggle for independence. She was born in London on 1 October 1847.
The president of Theosophical Society from 1907 to 1933, Annie Besant worked for a number of social issues, prominent being planned parenthood and labor reform.
Besant came to India in 1894. One of her remarkable contributions is the founding of Central Hindu College (now
Banaras Hindu University) in Varanasi. In 1916, she founded the Indian Home Rule League. Besant was the president of the Indian National Congress from 1918 to 1920.