Popular Pages


India | Sikkim


The Paradise of Eastern Himalayas

Sikkim is a small mountain state in the eastern Himalayas. It was an independent kingdom ruled by the Chogyals (kings) until 1975. Sikkim is barely 7,096 sq km in area. Bounded by Tibet in the north, Nepal in the west, Bhutan in the east and the state of West Bengal in the south, it is the least populous state in the Indian union. Gangtok, the capital of Sikkim, is situated at a height of over five-thousand feet above sea level. Nepali is the official language of Sikkim. English and Hindi are also understood in urban areas. Other languages are Tibetan, Bhutia and Lepcha.

Hinduism is the predominant faith in Sikkim. Other religions present are Christianity, Buddhism, Sikhism and Islam. Dussehra, falling in the month of October, is an important festival celebrated. The state’s economy is basically agrarian. Maize, rice, wheat, potato, large cardamom, ginger and orange are the principal crops.

Geography is dominated by the majestic mountain chain, the Khangchendzonga. It is the world's third highest mountain and is worshipped as the guardian deity of the land. The other two principle mountain ranges are the Singilela and Chola. Between these ranges are the principal rivers, the Rangit and the Teesta. The climate of the state can be roughly divided into tropical, temperate and alphine zones.

The Government has established many parks and sanctuaries with a view to protect the rich flora and fauna of the state from the poacher. The largest of these is the Khangchendzonga National Park, which encompasses an area of 1,784 sq km. Sikkim offers several treks that lead through pine forests and picturesque valleys. The state is also a base for mountaineering expeditions and excellent river rafting.

Updated on 16th November, 2023

Animals (1) Historical and Political Personalities (1) Residential and Commercial Areas (1)
Archeological Sites (1) Historical Monuments (1) Rivers (7)
Artworks (3) Hotels (1) Roads and Streets (2)
Bridges (1) Lakes and Glaciers (16) Rocks and Caves (4)
Buddhist Temples (13) Languages and Dialects (1) Sports Personalities (1)
Cities and Towns (14) Mountain Passes (9) Springs (4)
Cuisines (1) Music (1) Tourist Destinations (1)
Districts (4) Paintings (4) Universities (1)
Ethnic Groups (6) Parks and Gardens (2) Valleys (12)
Fairs and Festivals (7) Performing Arts (19) Villages (1)
Food and Drink (12) Plants and Crops (2) Waterfalls (6)
Hills and Mountains (12) Post Offices (1) Wildlife Sanctuaries (4)

Copyright 2014 by Online Highways LLC. Enjoy some India trivia. Send Us Your Comments

Warning : fopen(cache/16093) [ function.fopen ]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /usr/var/www/atzip.us/htdocs/i9/i9show.php on line 618

Warning : fwrite(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /usr/var/www/atzip.us/htdocs/i9/i9show.php on line 619

Warning : fclose(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /usr/var/www/atzip.us/htdocs/i9/i9show.php on line 620