Ujjain District is situated on the banks of the river Shipra. It has an area of 6,091 sq km and a population of 1 million. Ujjain is the modern name of Ujjayini, which was originally called Avantika. King Shiva of Avanti, commemorating his triumph over the demon king of Tripuri, changed it to Ujjayini (one who proudly conquers). The names of
Kalidasa and Ujjayini are closely linked in the Indian tradition.
Ujjain is one of the famous pilgrimage centers in India. It ranks equal to Varanasi, Gaya and Kanchi as a great religious center. Saivism, Vaishnavism, Jainism and
Buddhism, are prevalent.