The National Bird of India

The national bird of India, Peacock (Pavo cristatus (Linnaeus)) is a colorful, swan-sized bird with a long slender neck and a fan-shaped crest of feathers. It has a white patch under the eye.

The male is more colorful and slightly bigger than the female. The male features a shiny blue breast and neck with a noticeable bronze-green train of around 200 elongated feathers. The train (1.4 to 1.6 m in length) accounts for more than 60 percent of their total body length (2.3 m). The train makes the male peafowl one of the largest flying birds in the world. Female of the species is brownish and lacks the train.

The local name of peacock is Mayur. The peacock is commonly seen in the Indian sub-continent from the south and east of the Indus River, Jammu and Kashmir, east Assam, south Mizoram. It is also spotted in other parts of the country.

Updated on 7th June, 2005


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