Malayalam, a Dravidian language, is the official language of Kerala
. About 31.8 million people speak this language. There are five main regional dialects of Malayalam, along with a number of communal dialects. Many words have been borrowed from Sanskrit
. The language has 37 consonants and 16 vowels. It differs from the other Dravidian language as the personal endings on verbs are absent. It has a one-to -one correspondence with the Indo Aryan Devanagari
syllabary. Malayalam has a written tradition dating back to the late 9th century.