Tipu Sultan, one of the most famous rulers of Mysore
, in Karnataka
was a brave warrior who sacrificed his life for his country. He was held in high regard even by his enemies. He was called the tiger of Mysore for his fierce determination and courage.
Born on December 10, 1750, Tipu Sultan ascended the throne of Mysore in 1782. He made his state secure and peaceful. He treated his non-Muslim subjects generously. He built a network of excellent roads and constructed tanks and dams to promote agriculture. He introduced new industries, and promoted trade and commerce on a large scale. Tipu prohibited liquor in Mysore. He also built many palaces and fortified numerous towns. Tipu Sultan had a great interest in learning. His personal library consisted of more than 2,000 books in different languages.
Tipu Sultan allied with the French, the Amir of Afghanistan and the Sultan of Turkey against the British, who were gradually extending their power all over India. He defeated the British in 1783. After their defeat, the Bristish formed an alliance with the Nizam of
Hyderabad and Marathas (the rulers of Maharashtra). The French deserted Tipu Sultan following a treaty with the British. He was defeated in March 22, 1792 and was forced to concede half his kingdom and pay a huge compensation of 33 million rupees to the British and their allies. Undaunted, Tipu Sultan renewed his battle against the British. In this campaign he again received the help of the French. But the French were unable to provide the necessary support to Tipu Sultan resulting in his retreat to his capital and finally death in May 1799.