Formed in 1839, Nagaon District is one of the largest districts in
. It covers an area of 3,831 sq km of fertile land and thickly forested hills. The population is about 2.3 million. The
and its tributaries Kolong, Kopili, and Jamuna flow through Nagaon. The climate is wet and humid. The main agricultural products are rice
, sugarcane, mustard, jute, coconuts, bananas and vegetables.
Nagaon is famous for temples, monuments, and many other landmarks. Important tourist destinations: Batadrava (the birthplace of a Vaishnava reformer of the sixteenth century),
Dabaka (home of ancient temples), Raha, Hojai (famous for 'agar,' an aromatic substance used in perfumes), Jugijan (well known for remnants of a fort and temples), and Kaliabor.