Krishna District, formerly called Masulapatnam, was one of the oldest British administered areas of Andhra Pradesh. In 1859, it was formed dividing the existing Guntur District and adding certain taluks to it. It is named after the mighty river Krishna.
The area covered is 8,727 sq km, with 88 km of coastal line. The population is approximately 4 million. Krishna District is well advanced in the field of education.
The climate is tropical with hot summers and cold winters. April to June is the hottest period. The south-west monsoon arrives in late June and the average rainfall received is 1,028 mm.
Since the district is endowed with a rich variety of soils, agriculture is the most important occupation. Paddy is the main food crop produced. Mineral resources include chromites, diamonds, iron ore, lime stone, mica and sulphur.