The highest court in the constitution of India, the Supreme Court of India, came into existence in 1950. The inauguration took place in the Chamber of Princes in the Parliament building which also housed India's Parliament, consisting of the Council of States and the House of the People.The Supreme Court has appellate jurisdiction over all civil and criminal proceedings of India.
After its inauguration on January 28, 1950, the Supreme Court commenced its sittings in a part of the Parliament House. The Court moved into the present building in 1958. The building is shaped to project the image of the scales of justice. The Central Wing of the building is the center beam of the scales. There are 15 court rooms in the various wings of the building. The Chief Justice's court is the largest of the courts located in the center of the Central Wing.
The Supreme Court of India comprises the Chief Justice and not more than 25 other Judges appointed by the President of India. Supreme Court Judges retire at the age of 65. The proceedings of the Supreme Court are conducted in English only. Supreme Court Rules, 1966 are framed under Article 145 of the Constitution to regulate the practice and procedure of the Supreme Court.
Indira Gandhi International Airport is the nearest airport and New Delhi Railway Station is the closest railway station.