Bhotias is an Indo-Tibetan tribal community settled in the Himalayan regions close to the Tibetan border. They are primarily found in the states of Uttar Pradesh and Uttaranchal. A majority of Bhotias can also be seen in the state of Arunachal Pradesh.

The name of the tribe derives from the word 'Bo', the native Tibetan word for Tibet. These tribes are referred in the ancient Hindu scriptures such as Mahabharata, Puranas, Harsh Charitam and Kadambni.

Bhotias are divided into three groups namely the Jadhs of Uttarkashi District, the Marchas and Tolchas of Chamoli District, and the Shaukas of Pithoragarh District. In summer they live in higher ranges, while in winter the tribe members settle in lower ranges.

This nomadic tribe has unique customs and traditions. Bhotias are highly influenced by the Buddhism. They love dance, drama and music. The tribe members are expert in making handicraft products. These products displayed during the fairs at Jauljibi, Bageshwar, Ghucher and Uttarkashi.

Updated on 7th June, 2005


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