India | Uttar Pradesh | Kushinagar


Kushinagar is a rural town situated in Kushinagar District, Uttar Pradesh. This place, which forms a part of the famous Buddhist trail encompassing Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Nepal, is famous for the Mahaparinirvana (death) of Buddha. Located at an altitude of 400 m above sea level, Kushinagar is 51 km north-east of Gorakhpur.

Kushinagar was a major center of the erstwhile Malla kingdom and was known as Kasia or Kusinara. It was a major center of Buddhism during the rule of Emperor Ashoka, the third monarch of the Maurya Dynasty. References about this town had been found in the records of the Chinese travelers Fa-Hien, Hieun Tsang and I-tsing. With the decline of Buddhism, Kushinagar lost its shine and fell into neglect. In the last century, during the reign of Lord Alexander Cunningham, important remnants of the main site such as the Matha Kua and Ramabhar Stupa were excavated, thus throwing light over its long lost past and cultural heritage.

Major tourist attractions in and around the town include Nirvana Stupa, Nirvana Temple, Mathakuar Shrine, Ramabhar Stupa, Japanese Temple, Kushinagar Museum, Japanese Garden, Buddha Vihar, Wat Thai Temple, Chinese Temple, Meditation Park and Birla Temple.

The nearest broad gauge railway station is at Gorakhpur, which is the headquarters of North Eastern Railways, and is connected directly with Mumbai, Delhi, Thiruvananthapuram and Barauni. National Highway 28 connects Kushinagar with Gorakhpur, Lumbini (173 km), Kapilavastu (148 km), Sravasti (254 km), Sarnath (266 km) and Agra (680 km).

Updated on 1st December, 2005
District: Kushinagar
Location: Kushinagar    

Buddhist Temples (2) Hotels (3) Sacred Places (1)
Bus Stations (1) Museums and Archives (1) Temples (4)
Historical Monuments (1) Parks and Gardens (1) Yoga and Meditation (1)


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