Brahmani is the second largest river in Orissa. The river originates as two rivers, Shankha and Koel, from Chota Nagpur Plateau in Jharkhand and later joins Saraswati at Vedvyas to form Brahmani. Vedvyas is a sacred place, located nine kilometers from Rourkela. The river has a total length of 799 km of which 541 km has traverses Orissa. It has a total catchment area of over 39,033 sq km in the state. Brahmani flows through the Eastern Ghats in the Sundargarh, Keonjhar, Dhenkanal, Cuttack and Jajpur districts before joining with the Mahanadi to form a combined mouth and merging with the Bay of Bengal.