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Deori Tribe

Deori Tribe is found in the states of Assam, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh. They speak both Assamese and a Tibeto-Burman language called Deori (Chutiya). The name Deori derives from the word 'Deva' which means 'God.' This tribe comprises three distinct groups or 'khels' namely Dibongia, Tengapania and Borgoya. These groups are further divided into 24 clans. The members of this tribe are known for their strong ties to tradition and culture, which can be seen by the relatively unchanged way of life through the centuries and their unique cultural heritage. They are experts in traditional weaving.One thing to be noted about this tribe is that though made up of multiple clans, no two clans dwell in the same village.

Agriculture is the main occupation of the Deori tribe, with about ninety percent of the population involved in it. Their houses are built along the river banks and made of bamboo with thatched roofs.

Deoris worship the household deities and Hindu gods. Bihu is a major festival celebrated by the Deoris. They also observe the Magh Bihu and the Bohag Bihu. At the time of these festive occasions they perform many religious songs and dances. The Deoris believe in a supreme power called 'Kundimama,' who is worshipped in different forms by the different clans. Each village of this tribe features a place of worship called ‘Thaan-ghar.’ This is the site of worship for various gods and goddesses. It is also witness to the animal sacrifices, which is an integral part of the tribal rituals.

Updated on 11th November, 2018

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