India | Arunachal Pradesh

Aka Tribe

The Hrusso or Akas inhabit the sub-Himalayan region of India, at an altitude of 3000 to 6000 feet towards the south of the Kameng District of Arunachal Pradesh. They have a custom of painting their face with black marks. Akas are figured frequently in old historical records. The men usually wear a kind of toga, made of Assamese silk. The women wear a long garment of dark red which reaches up to the ankles and also tattoo their faces in an artistic pattern of a straight line running below the forehead to the chin.

The Akas practice the slash-and-burn method of agriculture. Sowing is done removing a little earth. Pams, temporary huts are built near the field to guard the crops from the animals. The staple food of Akas is maize and millet. They also take leaves, pulses, potato, rice, meat and drinks locally made from fermented maize and millet. The Aka society is patriarchal. When a man marries, he sets up his own house. The family is nuclear consisting of husband, wife, unmarried children and servants. There is a separate house for the ladies to stay during their menarche.

Updated on 7th June, 2005


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