Thanjavur, situated in the eastern part of
, was the capital of the
, Nayaks and Marathas. It is surrounded by
districts. According to local legend, Thanjavur derives its name from Tanjan, an asura
(demon) who plagued the area and was killed by Sri Anandavalli Amman and
. The languages spoken are Tamil
Thanjavur District covers an area of 3,396 sq km, and has a population of over 2.2 million.
Cauvery is the main river. Agriculture is the major occupation of the people. Paddy, sugarcane, coconut and plantain are the chief crops. It receives an annual rainfall of 845 mm. The temperature varies from 22o C to 36o C.
The world famous 'Big Temple' is in Thanjavur District. Saraswati Mahal library, Hall of Music, Royal Museum, Schwartz Church, Sivaganga Tank, Sharja Madi, Rajarajan Mani Mandapam, Rajarajan Museum, Tholkappiyar Sadukkam, Thiruvidaimaruthur, Thirunageswaram, Uppliyappan Koil, Patteswaram, Poondi Madha Shrine and Suriyanar Koil are some of the tourist spots. It is well known for its arts and crafts. Thanjavur plate painting is world famous.
Tiruchirapalli is the nearest airport, 45 km from Thanjavur city.