Vellore District has a rich heritage and cultural importance, representing the ancient Dravidian civilisation. With an area of 6,077 sq km, the district has a population of over 3 million. The area covers 200,000 hectare of forest land. English, Tamil
are the languages spoken. The temperature varies from 15o
C to 40o
Numerous leather and leather based industries are there in Vellore. The leather industries in Vellore District contribute more than 25% of Indian leather exports. The main attraction is the fort built during the rule of Chinna Bommi Nayak (1526 to 1595 AD), which shows the specimens of Military architecture in South India. Other attractions include Jalakandeswarar Temple inside the fort, central prison set up in 1867, Muthu mandapam and Mausoleums located in Aruganthampoodi, where the family members of
Tipu Sultan were buried. Vellore District is famous in the field of medicine.
Vellore District is well connected with other part of the country by road and rail. The southern railway provides both broad gauge and meter gauge rail services.