Vadodara, formerly Baroda, the industrial and cultural capital of Gujarat, is a medium-sized city with palaces, parks, temples and museums, and a history that dates back to pre-historic times. The Guptas,
Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas, Solankis, the Sultans of Delhi and the Mughals ruled this place before it was passed on to the Marathas. The city was under the rule of Maratha dynasty of Gaekwad in the eighteenth century. King Gaekwad made it his capital and gave the city a facelift.
Vadodara is 100 km south of Ahmedabad. The place has a rich legacy of music, fine arts and education. All of its credit goes to
Maharaja Sayaji Rao Gaekwad who promotes the arts and made primary education compulsory for both boys and girls. The University of Baroda, named after this great ruler, is of international standards and is the nodal point of higher education in the State.