Spanning an area of 1,850 sq km, South Garo Hills District is located in the southern part of Meghalaya
. It is surrounded by
West Garo Hills District
in the west, East Garo Hills District
in the north,
West Khasi Hills District
in the east and Bangladesh in the south.
is the district headquarters. The population is 99,105.
Pre-dominantly inhabited by the Garos, it has aborigine races such as
Rabhas, Rajbanshis, Kacharis and Dalus.
Chitmang Peak and
Balpakram Hills are the two hills of South Garo Hills District. The major rivers are Someswari, Moheskola and Mahadev. The climate is fairly hot for most part of the year. Winter is practically dry. The district has mostly dense tropical mixed forest.
The district cultivates paddy, mustard, sugarcane, jute, potato, cashew nut and cotton. Important mineral resources found in South Garo Hills District are coal, limestone, lithomargic clay, fireclay, phosphorite, gypsum and glass sand.
Places of attraction include
Balpakram National park,
Boldak Matchu Karam,
Areng Patal, Goncho Dare, Dikkini Ring and Rongsaljong Agal.