Tansen, one of the Navaratnas or Nine Jewels of Akbar
's court, was a legendary 16th century musician. Swami Haridas, a revered musician-saint from Vrindavan
, was his teacher and Ghous Muhammed, a well known Sufi saint, was his spiritual master. A pioneer in the field of
Hindustani classical music
, Tansen is believed to have created a number of popular raga
s such as Darbari Kanada, Darbari Todi, Miya ki Malhar and Miya ki Sarang, besides more than 300 Dhrupad
compositions. It is believed that he could light lamps and bring in rains through his music. Born in Gwalior
, he was laid to rest in his native city after his death. Tansen's tomb lies next to that of Ghous Muhammed and is the venue of the annual Tansen Music Festival.