A great barrister, freedom fighter and orator, Sarat Chandra Bose was the son of Janaki Nath Bose, a high caste Bengali school teacher and lawyer, and elder brother of Subhash Chandra Bose.
Born in 1889, Bose received his early education from Ravenshaw Collegiate School (Cuttack) and Protestant European School. He completed his graduation from Presidency College, Kolkata. In 1912, he enrolled at Lincolns Inn for his law studies. He returned Kolkata in 1914 and practiced civil and criminal law. Inspired by Chittranjas Das, he entered active politics by joining Indian National Congress in 1920. He utilized his profession and social influence to act as a mediator between various communities and classes.
In his political career, he held the position of the leader of the Congress Parliamentary Party and Forward Bloc and a member of the Interim Government in 1946. Sarat mainly worked for the civil and political liberty and fought against the increasing communalization in Bengal politics.
Later in association with the then Chief Minister of Bengal, Husain Suhrawardy, Sarat led movements to discourage the partition of Bengal.
In 1946, he left Congress and formed a new Socialist front. Leaving behind a number of contributions, he passed away on February 20, 1950.