India | Punjab


Sahibzada is the title used while referring to any one of the two youngest sons of Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth guru in Sikhism. They were Ajit Singh, Jujhar Singh, Zorawar Singh and Fateh Singh. While the eldest sons Ajit Singh and Jujhar Singh died fighting in a battle against the Mughals, the younger ones died in a very brave manner, which defied their age. Sahibzada Zorawar Singh and Sahibzada Zorawar Singh laid down their lives at a very young age for the cause of their religion. Fateh Singh (1699-1705) was about 6 years old while Zorawar Singh (1696- 1705) was about 8 years old, when they achieved martyrdom.

Fateh Singh and Zorawar Singh had to escape their stronghold at Anandpur Sahib, when they were attacked by the Mughals. They were accompanied by Mata Gujari, their illustrious grandmother. On their long journey through treacherous forest lands, they were given courage by their grandmother who narrated to them the stories of Sikh martyrs and gurus. These stories instilled in the young boys a sense of pride regarding their religion and increased their determination to face any obstacles. The three were however captured by the Mughals. The two young boys were given a choice of life if they adopted Islam. Displaying an extraordinary act of bravery, the boys chose death instead of forfeiting their religion. They were subsequently bricked alive. Mata Gujari also died the same day, heartbroken. The three were cremated by a generous jeweler with due respect. Gurdwara Fatehgarh Sahib bears testimony to their bravery.

In choosing death, the Sahibzadas displayed an act of bravery that was far beyond their age. This act, which gave them a status of immortality in the Sikh religion, still remains unparalleled in the history.

Updated on 7th June, 2005


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