After the decline of the great empire of the Gupta dynasty late in the 5th century, there was no other single great power in Northern India. Consequently, a large number of small independent kingdoms emerged in this region. One of these was the kingdom of Thaneshwar, in Punjab
. It was founded by a great devotee of
, Pushpabhuti, from whom the dynasty derived its name. The first three rulers belonging to this dynasty were Naravardhana, Rajyavardhana and Adityavardhana. These kings ruled during the period 510-580. The next ruler in the line was Parbhakaravardhana who came to the throne in 580. Parbhakaravardhana, who began as the petty chief of a small kingdom, rose to pre-eminence by his military exploits and conquests of the neighboring kingdoms.
Next to succeed Parbhakaravardhana, was the greatest ruler of the times,
. After Harshavardhana, the dyansty steadily declined in power.