India | Maharashtra


Ancient Art form in Konkan region

Pangul is an ancient art form of the Konkan region. The art is performed by typical artists with the help of a trained bull. The bull is dressed in alluring attire including zool (colorful clothes) over bull's back, horns wrapped with silken cloth and its tip with brass turbans, bash (decorated triangle shaped paper showing Shivlinga and serpent) tied to the head, and necklace contains Ghungroos (little jingling bells). The final adornment is known as Shingar in which feathers of peacock called Kutcha are placed over Vashinda (bull's back). As bull walks, unique sound is produced from the bells.

Pangul (artist) along with the bull and two other artists visit houses to present this art. He sings some historic episode and instructs his bull in between who amusingly acts like an obedient student. The other two artists provide matching musical tune. The story of Pangul and the bull is associated with the Kanade family who used to act as spies for the Sawantwadi kings. In order to preserve the art form the king gifted five villages to this family.

Updated on 7th June, 2005


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