India | Maharashtra

Pandit Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande

Father of Modern Hindustani Music

Pandit Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande, regarded as the father of modern Hindustani classical music, was born in 1860. Since his childhood he was interested in music and was trained in classical music. Academically trained in law, he became a lawyer at Karachi High Court soon after completing his formal education. However, following the untimely death of his wife and daughter, Bhatkhande completely turned to music for solace. He mastered vocal music, sitar and flute from distinguished teachers such as Pandit Jairajgir, Pandit Raojibua Belbagkar, Ustad Ali Husain Khan and Ustad Vilayat Hussain Khan. He devoted 15 years in studying music-treatises in Sanskrit, Telugu, Bengali, Gujarati, Urdu, German and English. He also published a number of books on Hindustani classical music such as Abhinavaragamanjari, Lakshya Sangeet, Swaramalika and Bhav Sangeetham. Bhatkhande's greatest contribution to Indian classical music is the 10 Thaat system which organized all ragas in a systematic manner. He died in 1933.

Updated on 13th November, 2019


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