Located in the north-western part of Palamu District
, Muhammadganj is a small town on the banks of North Koel River. Daltonganj
, the district headquarters, is around 50 km south of Muhammadganj.
Nearby prominent towns are Tilokhar, Akbarpur, Haidarnagar and Majhiaon Kalan. To the north-east of the town at Husainabad (16 km) is the Kund Waterfalls.
Patna is around 187 km north and the state capital, Ranchi is around 205 km south-east. Nearest airport is at Varanasi (140 km). Muhammadganj Railway Station is on the Daltonganj-Gaya line.