India | Punjab

Mata Jito

Mata Jito is a revered figure in Sikhism. She was the wife of Guru Gobind Singh, the last Sikh guru. She was the first Khalsa (Saint-Soldier) woman in Sikh history. She initiated the use of sugar cubes for preparation of the ‘amrit’ (sweet solution), which is used in the Amrit ceremony.

Mata Jito raised her three sons by preaching them the tales of bravery of Guru Tegh Bahadur and Guru Arjan Dev, who were their ancestors. She taught them the essence of martyrdom. These teachings had their impact on her sons and subsequently they died at a very young age resisting the religious persecution of the Mughals.

Mata Jito died at Anandpur Sahib on 5th December 1700, long before the martyrdom of her sons. She was cremated in a village called Agampura, where a memorial has been erected in her memory.

Updated on 7th June, 2005


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