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Mata Gujari

Mata Gujari is a prominent figure in Sikh history. She is an example of bravery and courage and above all a source of inspiration for the believers of Sikhism. Between life and religion, she opted for religion and subsequently attained martyrdom. Gurdwara Thand Burj Sahib, situated in Fatehgarh Sahib District, has been built in her memory.

Mata Gujari was the wife of Guru Tegh Bahadur. Her son Guru Gobind Singh also attained the status of a Sikh guru. Mata Gujari was the source of strength for both her husband and son. Following the execution of Guru Tegh Bahadur by the Mughals, she was forced to look after the affairs of Anandpur Sahib. The siege of the town by the Mughals forced her to flee along with her two grandsons. They were however captured.

Mata Gujari taught her grandsons not to give up their religious faith, even when they were under the death threats of their Mughal captors. They accepted death instead of forfeiting their religion. Following their execution Mata Gujari was also executed.

Her bravery during the turbulent years of Sikhism earned her immortality. She became an icon of women’s strength.

Updated on 7th June, 2005


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