The most famous Sultan of Gujarat (a western state of India) during the medieval times was Mahmud Begarha. Mahmud Begarha ruled over Gujarat for more than 50 years (from 1459 to 1511). He was called Begarha because he captured two of the most powerful forts in Gujarat.
Though he never received any systematic education, he had gained considerable knowledge by his constant association with the learned men. Many works were translated from Arabic into Persian during his reign.
During the long and peaceful reign of Mahmud Begarha, trade and commerce prospered. He constructed many inns for the comfort of the travelers. The roads were made safe for travel. Under his rule the Gujarat kingdom reached its maximum limit, and emerged as one of the most powerful and well-administered states in the country.