India | Gujarat

Kuknas Tribe

Kuknas (Kukanas) is a tribal community spread in the areas of Dharampur, Vansda, Valsad and The Dangs of Gujarat. 'Kuknas' is derived from 'Kankan', an armlet worn by the tribe. Kuknas are also known as Kokni or Kokna. Their native language is Kokni, a dialect of Marathi. Kuknas also speak Gujarati and Hindi.

Kuknas are divided into 'Kuls' or clans and follow the monogamous system. Houses are built with mud and thatched grass roof and have no windows. Main occupation is gathering forest products.

These tribes have great fascination for ornaments made of white metal, lead and iron or silver. Kukna women wear multi colored small bead necklaces and wear flowers and tattoos. They engage in the art of wall paintings and woodcarving.

The idols they worship are kept on a heap of rice and 'Nagli' grain, inside a big bamboo basket. Shivratri, Dussehra, Navratri, and Diwali are the main festivals celebrated. During Dussehra fair both men and women perform the Garba dance.

Updated on 17th December, 2014


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