Kabuli Bagh Mosque, built in 1526, is an impressive structure located at Panipat
, a historical town situated on the banks of the Yamuna
. Panipat is about 92 km north of New Delhi
Babur erected this mosque after the first battle of Panipat to commemorate victory over Sultan Ibrahim Lodi. The mosque is housed inside an enclosure having octagonal towers at its corners. The building has its entry on the north, which is made of bricks with red sandstone facing. The entrance has a lintel bracket-type opening encased in a huge arch. The spandrels are decorated with arched recesses covered in rectangular panels.
The main prayer hall of the mosque has annexes on sides, which are crowned with hemispherical domes sitting on low drums. Its high facade, divided in panels, is plastered with lime. A masonry platform, the Chabutra-I-Fateh Mubarak, constructed by Humayun (the eldest son of Babur), bears an inscription dating back to 1527.
The age and climate ravage the structure to an extent. Kabuli Bagh Mosque is now protected as a heritage building.