Humayun's Tomb was built by Haji Begum, the Humayun's
wife, on the banks of the Yamuna river
, as a tribute to his memory, in the 16th century. Designed by a Persian architect named Mirak Mirza Ghiyas, the work was completed in 1565. This tomb is built with red sandstone inlaid with black and white marble.
Considered as the first garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent, Humayun’s Tomb is surrounded by a beautiful garden of Mughal pattern, probably the most complete garden of its type remaining in India. Watercourses divide the garden into 32 small squares. The design of Humayun's tomb was adopted while building all the later Mughal monuments, including the architectural splendor, the Taj Mahal. During India’s first war of independence of 1857, Bahadur Shah Zafar and his three princes used Humayun’s Tomb as a shelter. This traditional style of Islamic architecture exists as a testimony to the grandeur of Mughal rule.