Gopalganj District in Bihar
covers an area of 2,033 sq km. It has a population of over 1.7 million. Gopalganj
town is the headquarters. Economy depends mainly on agriculture. Paddy, wheat
are grown. The important cottage industries are weaving, woodwork, potteries and bamboo work. A large number of sugar factories and vegetable oil mills are situated throughout Gopalganj.
Gopalganj is historically important as a battle between the Mughal emperor Babur and Nusrat Shah (the sultan of Bengal) was held here on the banks of the Ghargara (the present Ghaggar). The fakir-sannyasi resistance was held in the region during the early part of the British rule.