Darbhanga is one of the important districts of North Bihar
situated in the very heart of Mithilanchal, the fertile, alluvial plains of North India. With an area of 2,279 sq km, it has a population of around 3.3 million. Darbhanga was once part of the Brahman kingdom of Mithila
, which passed to the
in the 14th century. The British assumed control in 1765.
The main languages spoken are
Urdu. People belong to different communities such as Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists and Jains.
The climate is dry and healthy with three well-marked seasons, winter, summer and the rainy season. The district contains four main river systems, viz, the Bagmati, Little Bagmati, Kamla and Tiljuga. Paddy, wheat, maize, pulses, oilseeds and sugarcane are some of the important crops.