India | Kerala

Chola Naikans

Chola Naikan is a primitive community, who lives in caves in Kerala's rain forests. The members of this community are believed to be the representatives of Kattunayakan, a primitive tribal group of the southern states of India.

The name is derived from ‘Chola’ or ‘Shola’, meaning forests as they mostly live in forests. Chola Naikan speaks Canarese, a dialect of Kannada. Macheeri near Nedumkayam is the main settlement of Chola Naikans in Kerala.

Updated on 16th November, 2015


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