Bindusara was the second Mauryan emperor and the son of Chandragupta Maurya. Bindusara ascended the throne in 297 BC. He acquired a large empire including north, central and east India and also the parts of Afghanistan and Baluchistan. The king expanded this empire to the southern part of India up to Karnataka
. About 16 states were brought under the Mauryan Empire. He thus conquered almost the entire Indian peninsula. Kalinga (the modern Orissa
) was the only kingdom in India which did not form part of Bindusara's empire. It was later conquered by his son Ashoka
. Chanakya was the prime minister during his rule. Bindusara passed away in 272 BC and was succeeded by his son Ashoka.