Indian nationalist writer, Bankim Chandra Chatterjee (1838–1894) is remembered for Vande Mataram
, the national song of the nation. Born in Bengal, he popularized the Bengali prose, which became the vehicle of major nationalist literature of the region.
He was educated at the Hoogly College and wrote his first novel, Rajmohan's Wife, in English. Durgeshnandini was his first novel in Bengali.
In 1872 he founded ‘Bangadarshan’ and wrote under the pseudonym Ramchandra. Bandemataram, a song in his novel Anandamath (1882), became the anthem of the nationalist movement and was adopted as the national song after independence.