Indian Elephant

The largest land mammal on Earth.

The Indian Elephant, also known as Asian Elephant is one of the largest land mammals on Earth having long, coarse hairs sparsely covering the body. The trunk has two finger-like structures at tip, which allow the animal to perform both delicate and powerful movements. Its skin color ranges from brown to dark gray. Elephants live in a matriarchal family group of related females consisting of eight to 100 individuals, and are led by the oldest and often largest female in the herd. A variety of sounds including low frequency calls, high pitched calls, and loud trumpeting are produced. Elephants eat grass, bark, roots and leaves. Indian Elephants have to drink water every day, and are never far from a water source. Manas, Corbett, Dalma and Palamu, Bandipur and Nagarhole, Periyar and Madumalai are some places to watch the Indian Elephant in its natural habitat.

[Source (48) 24-Jun-04]

Updated on 7th June, 2005


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